Psoriasis is defined as a very persistent autoimmune skin condition. Contrary to popular belief, this skin disease is not contagious. The disease has an impact on the joints and the skin. Psoriasis usually leads to scaling and redness on the skin of the affected individual. In most cases, psoriasis outbreaks come in the forms of patches which are known as psoriatic plaques. They represent relatively small patches of skin in which the skin is inflamed and there is an intensified production of skin. That’s why the extra skin created by the body accumulates at the patches and has a specific white color. In most cases, psoriasis patients have patches on the skin in the knee or elbow area. But, there are many patients that are witnessing the emergence of outbreaks in the genital area and on the scalp. Psoriasis is not the same as eczema even though they share some characteristics.
It’s crucial to understand that psoriasis is a very persistent disease. However, every patient is experiencing a different severity. There are patients that are dealing with mild cases of psoriasis and have only a couple of tiny patches. On the other hand, there are patients that have severe psoriasis and have patches all over the body. Modern medicine has still not identified the exact cause of this disease. However, most experts support the theory that psoriasis is a result of the certain genetic disorder.
Every person who is dealing with psoriasis is different. Due to the fact that people are different and the fact that there are many types of psoriasis, it is highly recommended to consult a doctor before starting a treatment. In other words, there is no universal treatment that works for everyone. Dermatologists and physicians in general, conduct many different treatments to determine the best psoriasis treatment for specific patients. There are some treatments that provide better results in certain patients. Generally speaking, the type of treatment patients should follow is related to the type of psoriasis, the location of the disease, the intensity, extent, sufferer’s sex, age, quality of life and other treatments that they may practice at the moment.
It’s worth mentioning that there are many topical treatments that have proven to be very effective. For instance, the use of moisturizers and bath treatments is recommended by many dermatologists. By using these treatments you will be able to ease the dryness, reduce redness and soothe the skin patches. In addition, ointments that are used directly to the problematic areas can help patients lower irritation, inflammation, reduce skin accumulation and improve the physical appearance of the problematic area. However, topical treatments of psoriasis can come with certain side effects too. For instance, if a person practices such treatment for a long period of time, the content used in these treatments can lead to irritation to the unaffected skin from chemical based products. We always would suggest our Calendulis Plus Eczema & Psoriasis Cream for a natural option.
Another effective treatment that is frequently used in cases of psoriasis is phototherapy. It turns out that many sufferers who are exposed to direct sunlight (without staying too long) can actually enhance their condition. Phototherapy is based on ultraviolet light exposure for a short period of time.
The symptoms associated with psoriasis are quite general. Some of the typical symptoms and signs of the presence of this skin disease are parts of the skin that are dry, inflamed and red. Flaky skin is another common symptom. Typically, the skin on the area affected by psoriasis comes with a silver or white color. In addition, there are sufferers that point out that in addition to flaky skin, dryness, inflammation, and redness; they also have itchy skin, irritation and even mild pain. This is all it takes for doctors to diagnose psoriasis. So, it takes a visual checkup for a doctor to determine the presence of this persistent disease. There is no need to perform special tests or other medical procedure to detect psoriasis. If there are some other symptoms present on the skin, doctors may conduct a skin biopsy.
Just like many other skin conditions, psoriasis comes in a few different forms. We will now present the most common types of psoriasis.
Flexural psoriasis – this type of psoriasis is described as a smooth patch of skin affected by inflammation. In most cases, flexural psoriasis is found in the bends of the skin. Friction and perspiration will make the situation worse.
Plaque psoriasis – this is the most general type of this skin condition. About 85% of all patients diagnosed with psoriasis have this type of psoriasis. Plaque psoriasis usually occurs in the form of elevated inflamed skin regions. The skin in these areas is flaky and white.
Nail psoriasis – nail psoriasis leads to the modification of the physical appearance of toe and finger nails. The modifications usually come in the form of ridges in the nails, discoloration of nails, thickening of the skin located under nails, pitting and crumbling of nails and loose nails.
Guttate psoriasis – this type of psoriasis is characterized by relatively small round patches. The patches are small but they are usually covering large areas. They are most commonly found on the scalp, core section, legs, and arms.
Erythrodermic psoriasis – this is another type of psoriasis which usually covers a larger area of inflamed skin. Redness, extreme dryness, pain swelling and itching are some of the symptoms of this specific type of psoriasis.
Pustular psoriasis – you can easily recognize pustular psoriasis because it has a specific appearance. It comes in the form of elevated sores that look very similar to blisters. They too have pus. Typically, these patches/blisters occur on the feet and hands.
There are some things that people can do to prevent or at least lower the chances of occurrence and reoccurrence of psoriasis. Things like smoking, excessive drinking of alcohol and stress can worsen the situation. In addition, people prone to psoriasis should not stay in open space exposed to extreme heat. Additionally, they should stay away from powders because they usually make the skin drier. When it comes to detergents and soaps, use products that contain ingredients that are good for the skin.