Psoriasis is defined as a very persistent autoimmune skin condition. Contrary to popular belief, this skin disease is not contagious. The disease has an impact on the joints and the skin. It usually leads to scaling and redness on the skin of the affected individual. In most cases, outbreaks come in the forms of patches which are known as psoriatic plaques. They represent relatively small patches of the skin in which the skin is inflamed, and there is an intensified production of the skin. That’s why the extra skin created by the body accumulates at the patches and has a particular white colour. In most cases, patients have patches on the skin in the knee or elbow area. But, many patients are witnessing the emergence of outbreaks in the genital area and on the scalp. However, psoriasis is not the same as eczema even though they share some of the same characteristics.
It’s crucial to understand that it is a very persistent disease. However, every patient is experiencing a different severity. Some patients are that are dealing with mild cases and have only a couple of tiny patches. On the other hand, some patients have it severe and have spots all over the body. Modern medicine has still not identified the exact cause of this disease. However, most experts support the theory that it is a result of a certain genetic disorder.
Every person who is dealing with psoriasis is different, due to the fact that people are different and the fact that there are many different types, it is highly recommended to consult a doctor before starting treatment. In other words, there is no universal treatment that works for everyone. Dermatologists and physicians in general, conduct many different treatments to determine the best treatment for specific patients. Some treatments that provide better results in certain patients. Generally speaking, the type of treatment patients should follow related to the type of psoriasis, the location of the disease, the intensity, extent, sufferer’s sex, age, quality of life and other treatments that they may practice at the moment.
It’s worth mentioning that many topical treatments that have proven to be very effective. For instance, the use of moisturisers and bath treatments is recommended by many dermatologists. By using these treatments, you will be able to ease the dryness, reduce redness and soothe the skin patches. Also, ointments that are used directly to the problematic areas can help patients lower irritation, inflammation, reduce skin accumulation and improve the physical appearance of the problematic area. However, topical treatments can come with certain side effects too. For instance, if a person practices such treatment for an extended period of time, the content used in these treatments can lead to irritation to the unaffected skin from chemical based products. We always would suggest our Calendulis Plus Eczema & Psoriasis Cream for a natural option.
Another effective treatment that is frequently used in cases of psoriasis is phototherapy. It turns out that many sufferers who are exposed to direct sunlight (without staying too long) can enhance their condition. Phototherapy is based on ultraviolet light exposure for a short period.
The symptoms associated with this skin condition are quite general. Some of the typical symptoms and signs of the presence of this skin disease are parts of the skin that are dry, inflamed and red. Flaky skin is another common symptom. Typically, the skin on the area affected by psoriasis comes with a silver or white colour. In addition, some sufferers point out that in addition to flaky skin, dryness, inflammation, and redness; they also have itchy skin, irritation and even mild pain. It takes a visual checkup for a doctor to determine the presence of this persistent disease. There is no need to perform special tests or other medical procedure to detect psoriasis. If there are some other symptoms present on the skin, doctors may conduct a skin biopsy.
Just like many other skin conditions, it can come in a few different forms. We will now present the most common types.
Plaque – this is the most general type of this skin condition. About 85% of all patients diagnosed have this type of psoriasis. It usually occurs in the form of elevated inflamed skin regions. The skin in these areas is flaky and white.
Flexural – this type is described as a smooth patch of skin affected by inflammation. In most cases, it is found in the bends of the skin. Friction and perspiration will make the situation worse.
Nail – this leads to the modification of the physical appearance of toe and finger nails. The changes usually come in the form of ridges in the nails, discoloration of nails, thickening of the skin located under nails, pitting and crumbling of nails and loose nails.
Guttate – this type is characterised by relatively small round patches. The patches are small, but they are usually covering large areas. They are most commonly found on the scalp, core section, legs, and arms.
Erythrodermic – this is another type which usually covers a larger area of inflamed skin. Redness, extreme dryness, pain swelling and itching are some of the symptoms of this particular type.
Pustular – you can easily recognise pustular psoriasis because it has a specific appearance. It comes in the form of elevated sores that look very similar to blisters. They too have pus. Typically, these patches/blisters occur on the feet and hands.
There are some things that people can do to prevent or at least lower the chances of occurrence and reoccurrence of this terrible skin condition. Things like smoking, excessive drinking of alcohol and stress can worsen the situation. In addition, people prone to skin problems should not stay in extreme heat climates or environments, as the head will worsen the condition. Additionally, they should stay away from powders because they usually make the skin drier. When it comes to detergents and soaps, use products that contain ingredients that are 100% natural to reduce the risk of reactions related to chemical based products.
If you have any questions or concerns, feel free to contact us!