Rosacea is one of the most common skin problems today. This is a specific type of disorder that affects the blood vessels. According to some statistics, almost half of the population of our planet is dealing with rosacea. But, what is interesting is that people are still not familiar with this disease.
Rosacea sufferers are experiencing many different symptoms of this skin disorder. However, the most common one is the altering of the skin color. Namely, the natural skin color turns into red color. Rosacea can occur everywhere, but in most cases, it occurs on the forehead, nose, and cheeks. In addition, it is not unusual to spot this skin condition characterized by flushing of skin and redness on the neck, chest, scalp and ears. Once the rosacea starts spreading and making progress, this slight changing of color can become permanent. Additionally, many patients are witnessing increased visibility of small blood vessels especially at the surface of the skin, reddish eyes and bumps filled with pus. Even though bulbous noses are not a common symptom of rosacea, it is worth mentioning this symptom because it is very difficult and dangerous. The so-called maiden rosacea is characterized by nagging redness. In many cases, people believe that this redness is caused by temperature changes, exercising or intense cleansing, but the fact is that they are dealing with rosacea. It’s good to point out that even though rosacea may appear similar to acne vulgaris or seborrheic dermatitis, they are different. However, rosacea can occur together with seborrheic dermatitis and acne vulgaris.
The scientific community is still divided when they are debating the cause of rosacea. This is quite natural because there is no scientific evidence about the exact cause of this skin condition. However, there is a pattern which indicates what can cause this disorder. For example, rosacea usually occurs when stimuli dilate blood vessels. This activity ultimately damages blood vessels. Such “malfunctioning” blood vessels dilate easily. In addition, they stay dilated permanently or for a long period of time. As a result of that, people witness the occurrence of redness and flushing that affects the skin.
Of course, there are many other things that can trigger rosacea. For instance, many experts believe that food can lead to the emergence of rosacea. There are foods that are naturally loaded with histamine which is linked to the occurrence of many rosacea symptoms.
For instance, spicy foods and alcohol can result in rosacea symptoms. Initial scientific studies have shown that certain medications and topical irritants can lead to rosacea too. Commercial skin care products focused on wrinkle reduction usually contain chemicals like benzoyl peroxide, tretinoin, isotretinoin etc. All these irritants can worsen the situation of rosacea patients.
The use of steroids can also trigger the emergence of rosacea. Topical and nasal steroids are especially dangerous for people who are prone to rosacea. It is the best idea to talk to a doctor and find alternative medications. It turns out that things like bacteria and mites can lead to the emergence of rosacea too. In fact, several studies have shown that many people affected by rosacea have a specific species of mites called Demodex on their skin. In most cases, people who have developed rosacea as a result of steroid use are the ones affected by Demodex. So, they are just worsening the situation and only in rare cases they are a direct reason for the occurrence of this skin problem. On the other hand, intestinal bacteria and few other types of bacteria can trigger rosacea too. The intestinal bacteria are found in the digestive tract. If their number is increased, we are talking about neurological dysfunctions. The situation can get worse if the intestinal bacteria trigger the kallikrein-kinin system.
Studies have confirmed the presence of three distinctive types of rosacea. Every type comes with specific symptoms in addition to the common symptoms. It is possible for one patient to have two or more types of rosacea.
Phymatous rosacea: This type of rosacea has a direct impact on the eyes, nose, cheeks, ears, chin and forehead. In addition, phymatous rosacea is also related to nose enlargement problem known as rhinophyma. There is another health disorder related to phymatous rosacea and that’s increased the visibility of tiny blood vessels close to the skin’s outer layer. Some other symptoms of this type of rosacea include irregular skin surfaces and nodularity. Finally, the skin usually becomes thicker.
Ocular rosacea: As the name suggests, ocular rosacea usually has an impact on the eyes. Ocular rosacea comes with symptoms like itching and burning and a constant feeling that the patient has something stuck in the eyes. Patients suffering from ocular rosacea have to deal with dry and red eyelids and eyes. Eye irritation is not unusual in cases like this.
Papulopustular rosacea: There are many people who believe that they are having problems with acne even though they are dealing with papulopustular rosacea. But, the fact is that this rosacea stays reddish, unlike acne. The typical symptom of papulopustular rosacea is the occurrence of red bumps (papules) with pus. These bumps are known as pustules. These papules last for about five days before they are naturally dissolved. Patients with this type of rosacea experience continuous redness on a certain part of their skin, an occurrence known as erythema. The papules are prone to blushing and flushing and some patients can experience itching or burning sensations.
There is more than one effective treatment of rosacea today. The most efficient ones depend on the type of rosacea and the severity of the situation. So, different treatments are used in different situations. It is up to the dermatologist to detect the symptoms and diagnose the right type of rosacea before recommending a suitable treatment.
Laser treatment – this is a very popular treatment for rosacea patients. During this treatment, dermatologists use special light that penetrates the epidermis which is focused on the dermis capillaries. The heat that the device creates dissolves capillary walls which are processed by the body.
CO2 laser treatment – this is a subtype of laser treatment which relies on CO2 beams. They cut the tissues and eliminate tissue formations. CO2 laser treatments are usually used in cases of phytamous rosacea.
Antibiotics – those interested in getting quick relief from papules, pustules, inflammation, redness and rash can count on antibiotics. Both oral and topical antibiotics usually work well. Tetracycline antibiotics and metronidazole are the best options. Generally speaking, oral antibiotics are a much better option.
There are also a few things that people can do to avoid rosacea. For instance, they can start a regular, gentle, skin cleansing routine. Furthermore, they should avoid excessive exposure to the sun. Whenever they are planning on staying longer in the sun they should use sunscreens, hats, and sunglasses. Finally, there are some foods that can make people more prone to rosacea or worsen the existing situation. For example, foods that are rich in histamine usually support the emergence of rosacea. Healthy eating will not only keep you safe from rosacea but from many other disorders and diseases.